Diabetes Skin Problems And Conditions – Itchy And Cracked Skin
Diabetes skin problems sometimes appear in the form of changes to the skin, the body’s largest organ. “There are a number of conditions involving skin changes that occur more often in people who are diabetic,” says Christopher Saudek, M.D., a Professor of Endocrinology and Metabolism at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Experts on the diabetes skin problems and other early signs of diabetes know that what may seem like common problems, when bundled together, can become a diabetic diagnosis. According to the American Diabetes Association, as many as one-third of diabetics will experience a skin disorder caused or affected by their disease.
Diabetics often experience itchy skin, particularly in the lower legs, which can be caused by dryness, poor circulation, or yeast infections. The nerve damage caused by the illness may stop diabetics from sweating, which robs their skin of natural moisture.
Changing diabetes skin conditions involving bacterial infections are also common for people who are diabetic, and often occur when a bacteria invades a cut; scratch; dry, cracked skin; or other wounds.
Three other common diabetes skin problems are fungal infections. These include athlete’s foot (affecting the skin between the toes), jock itch (red, itchy area on the genitals as well as inside of the thighs) and ringworm (ring-shaped, itchy, scaly patches or blisters that can appear on groin, feet, abdomen, chest and scalp or nails). Itching, blistering, dry flaky skin or severe scaling are the common symptoms of fungal infections. High glucose levels in the blood can promote the growth of fungi and skin is the flourishing site for it.
If you have early diabetic skin symptoms you may be more susceptible to developing bacterial infections of the eyelid such as styes, infections of the nails and infections of the hair follicle such as boils, carbuncles and folliculitis. Symptoms of bacterial skin infections include swollen, red, painful areas on the skin or around the nails. The most common cause of bacterial skin infections in diabetics is staph infection.
Distinctive Diabetic Signs and Symptoms
Acanthosis nigricans is a darkening and thickening of certain areas of the skin especially in the skin folds. The skin becomes tan or brown and is sometimes slightly raised and described as velvety. Most often it appears on the sides or back of the neck, the armpits, under the breast, and groin. Acanthosis nigricans usually strikes people who are very overweight. Acanthosis nigricans is usually among early signs of diabetes and this skin condition change is considered to be a marker for the disease.
High blood sugar can cause many troubling diabetes skin problems for those with diabetes. Blood sugar control is the bottom line for preventing or reducing diabetic signs related skin issues. According to the American Diabetes Association, skin symptoms are sometimes one of the early signs of diabetes skin problems.